The “IP” craze in naming law firms and professional associations blurs the lines between different types of intellectual property. Patents and trademarks, in particular, are lumped together without regard to their distinct features and requirements. The result can sometimes be disastrous.
I recently came across a patent claim that is something of a best in class for what not to do. It is an appalling example of how conflating trademarks and patents can destroy a company’s IP. A novice drafter seemed eager that his patent should force the market toward his client’s product. Unfortunately, the way he attempted to achieve that goal is extremely wrong-headed.
The issued patent claim reads as follows:
A communication system that transmits electronic mail among multiple Sender and Recipient terminals and which both uses and augments the Internet, comprising:
an [Trademark] server and [Trademark] server software, links connecting the Sender and Recipient terminals and said [Trademark] server and [Trademark] server software to the Internet, and Sender [Trademark] software
operable on at least the Sender terminal and
operable with conventional electronic mail application Software also operating on the Sender terminal to
selectively provide access by the Sender terminal and said Sender [Trademark] software to said [Trademark] server and [Trademark] server Software for managing and processing the electronic mail transmitted from the Sender terminal in order to provide the communication system’s premium mail services to the electronic mail, and
begin processing of said premium mail services to the electronic mail.
Considering the claim at face value, each occurrence of “[Trademark]” specifies and requires a specific branded component. This means that only a single branded component would infringe. In other words, if the claim specified “Coke” but a competitor used “Pepsi”, then the competitor would not infringe. Pepsi is more than okay! It seems doubtful that the inventor and/or patent owner desired this result.
As bad as sounds the reality is even worse. The actual patent I took this claim from requires that the branded component used in place of “[Trademark]” is actually the patent owner’s branded component. This literally means that only customers of the patent owner can ever infringe the patent claim. The point of a patent is to sue infringers, not customers. A patent that only gives the owner a right to sue his customers is — of course — worth nothing.
What was the patent drafter trying to achieve by including a branded component in his claim? I assume he believed that by including patentee’s branded components in the claim, he was effectively requiring any would-be competitor to purchase the component from his client. Instead, he turned the patent into a legal nullity.
The practice tip is to avoid mixing trademarks with patent claims, especially the patentee’s own trademarks.
WHIPgroup is leading counsel for U.S. and international technology companies. We specialize in patent and trademark law.
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